The forensic genomics market is anticipated to witness significant growth as the majority of companies aim to use customer databases in combination with cutting-edge sequencing technologies. It aims to accelerate the adoption and validation of innovative methods to support investigations that are not possible with traditional testing methods. Some of the factors that are driving the growth of the market are increasing investments to support the forensics program, growth in government initiatives, along with increasing sampling methods and portable equipment. For instance, in December 2021, the National Institute of Justice funded USD 17 million to support 36 R&D projects in the year 2020. However, the high cost of these instruments is anticipated to hamper the growth of the market.
Many forensic science areas, including DNA analysis, are transforming in the US and the around the globe. New techniques are being validated, created, and implemented to assist criminal investigations. Investigators usually face issues regarding the accuracy and validity of current and older methods. For instance, Illumina, Inc. partnered with Telegraph Hill Partners to boost the adoption of NGS in the forensic genomics market. Some of the applications include disaster victim identification, DNA database management, missing person identification, criminal casework, f mtDNA analysis, and SNP and STR sequencing.
Furthermore, criminal testing application is anticipated to grow rapidly in the coming years. With the increasing number of crimes around the globe, the demand for forensic genomics is projected to increase significantly. For instance, according to the data published in Statistics Canada, it stated that there were around 743 cases of homicides reported in 2020. The homicide rate increased by 7% from 1.83 per 100,000 people in 2019 to 1.95 in 2020, making it the highest rate since 2005.
Several initiatives by key market players are driving the market growth. For instance, in August 2022, Thermo Fisher Scientific, inc collaborated with National Forensic Sciences University to set up the Centre of Excellence for DNA Forensics in Gujrat, India. The facility is fully equipped with end-to-end workflows, which are supported by advanced technology. Similarly, in August 2022, Gene by Gene and Verogen, Inc. entered into the partnership agreement to accelerate the forensic investigative genetic genealogy adoption. This alliance would further offer to standardize bioinformatic methods and cost-effective whole genome sequencing services for FIGG analysis for difficult forensic samples.